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API Spec 5L, 44th EditionSpecification for Line PipeEffective: October 1, 2008ISO 3183:2007 (Modified) Steel Pipefor Pipeline Transportation SystemsEd Baniak, Senior Standards AssociateAPI Pipeline ConferenceOrlando, FloridaApril 20081220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

API Spec 5L, 44th EditionSpecification for Line PipeAn Overview1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Background and Historyof Spec 5L API 5L initially issued in the 1920s Maintained by Subcommittee 5 / Task Group on LinePipe Current 5L 44th edition is an adopted back ISO 3183specification that contains both API and ISOrequirements melded together to result in a singleinternational standard.1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Other API Pipeline Documents(Upstream Subcommittee 5)RP 5L1 – Railroad Transportation of Line Pipe, 6th Ed (2002)RP 5L2 – Internal Coating of Line Pipe for Non-corrosive GasTransmission Service, 4th Ed (Reaffirmed 2007)RP 5L3 – Conducting Drop-weight Teat Tests on Line Pipe, 3rd Ed(Reaffirmed 2003)RP 5L7 – Unprimed Internal Fusion Bonded Epoxy Coating of Line Pipe,2nd Ed (Reaffirmed 2004)RP 5L8 – Field Inspection of New Line Pipe, 2nd Ed (Reaffirmed 2003)RP 5L9 – Recommended Practice for External Fusion Bonded EpoxyCoating of Line Pipe, 1st Ed (Reaffirmed 2004)Spec 5LC – Specification for CRA Line Pipe, 3rd Ed (Reaffirmed 2006)Spec 5LCP – Specification for Coiled Line Pipe, 2nd Ed (2006)Spec 5LD – Specification for CRA Clad or Lined Steel Pipe, 2nd Ed (1998)RP 5LW – Transportation of Line Pipe on Barges and Marine Vessels, 2ndEd (2003)1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

API / ISO Adopt Back Process API and ISO Work Groups worked jointly todevelop this harmonized 5L / ISO 3183 standard The best requirements of both standards wereadopted First, a revised ISO 3183 was balloted andpublished. API then adopted back the ISO 3183 standardwith a few national adoption requirements listed inAnnex N and Annex O Therefore, the API spec 5L consists of 3183 plus( ) the requirements of Annex N and O1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Spec 5 L FormatSpec 5 L format includes:1. API 5L cover and forward placed on top of theISO 3183 “Steel pipe for pipeline transportationsystems -2nd edition” ISO 3183 is the basis or body of the 5L standard.2. Notations in the margins of the 3183 standardshowing where requirements in Annex N eithersupplement or replace those in the body1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Manufacturing to the Requirements ofSpec 5L – Monogram Program1. Manufacturer applies for Licensing under the MonogramProgram2. Manufacturer operates a quality management system tothe requirements of API Spec Q13. Manufacturer is audited initially (and then once every 3years thereafter) to the requirements of Spec Q1 andSpec 5L4. License is granted once all requirements have beendemonstrated1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Scope of Spec 5L Seamless and welded pipe for pipelinetransportation systems– Liquid and gas– Onshore and offshore– Transmission, distribution and utility systems 2 PSL (Product Specification Levels)– PSL 1 - Basic requirements– PSL 2 - Enhanced requirements including mandatory notchtoughness, restricted strength ranges, carbon equivalentsfor improving weldability Plain or threaded pipe ends Suitable for welding1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Products and Product Lines (cont’d)API Spec 5L, Clause 9.12Types of pipe ends included in 5L are:– Plain end pipe– Belled end pipe– Plain end pipe for special coupling– Threaded end pipe1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Photo Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Products and Product LinesAPI Spec 5L, Table 2Seamless pipeWelded pipe– Continuous Weld (COWL) A single gas metal Arc pass At least one SAW pass on inside and one on theoutside– Submerged Arc Welded Longitudinal Seam (SAWL) Helical (spiral) Seam (SAWH)– Electric Welded (EW) Low frequency (LFW, PSL 1 only) High frequency (HFW)– Laser Welded (LW)1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

SAWL ProcessID WeldingO-Press ExitPhotos Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

EW ProcessHot WeldActive WelderPhotos Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Cutoff and Grinding Pipe EndsPhotos Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Major Changes to the Current 44thfrom the 43rd Edition of API Spec 5L Current 44th edition includes:– Harmonized API 5L and ISO 3183 technicalrequirements– Major changes in format vs the 43rd 5L edition– Addition of high strength X90-X120 pipe grades– Annexes which include requirements for sour andoffshore service and for avoidance of ductilerunning shear fractures in gas transmission lines1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Major Changes to the Current 44thfrom the 43rd Edition of API Spec 5L Grade designations for PSL 2 contain a deliverycondition, e.g, heat treatment of the pipe Chemical composition limits are more specific andtighter for many grades Maximum limits on yield and tensile strength Strength levels in US Customary units areconverted from metric equivalents and are notrounded to the nearest thousand– Conversion results in a slightly different value than inthe past Tighter pipe end diameter tolerances1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Major Changes to the Current 44thfrom the 43rd Edition of API Spec 5LAnnexes with specific manufacturing orservice requirements have been added– Annex B: (Normative) Qualified Manufacturing Procedures for PSL 2– Annex G: (Normative) Requirements of Ductile Running FracturePropagation for PSL 2– Annex H: (Normative) Sour Service PSL 2 Pipe– Annex J: (Normative) Offshore Service PSL 2 Pipe– Annex N: (Normative) Identification of Deviations (National AdoptionAnnex)– Annex O: (Informative) API Monogram Program (National AdoptionAnnex)1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

(Regional) Annex N – Deviations fromISO 3183 and API Spec 5L1. Definition for “Sample” and “Test Piece” added2. 6.2.1, Table 1 on Pipe/steel grades and delivery conditions– added restrictions for intermediate grades3. 7.2 c) 34) – Alternate pipe length marking allowances, ifagreed to by manufacturer and purchaser4. 7.2 c) 56) - Changes in hardness testing as permitted inAnnex H – PSL 2 pipe ordered for sour service5. 7.2 c) 57) – Changes in hardness testing as permitted inAnnex J – PSL 2 pipe ordered for offshore service6. 10.2.11 - Reprocessing – allowances for failure to meetmechanical properties, manufacturer can heat treat entire lotand treat as new lot.1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

(Regional) Annex N – Deviations fromISO 3183 and API Spec 5L (cont’d)7. 10.2.12 - New retesting requirements - allowances forfailure to meet testing, manufacturer can heat treat entirelot and treat as new lot8. Section 11 - Fifteen marking changes to accommodatethe API Monogram program or reference to API Spec 5L9. D.2.1.2 – Some allowable qualification test substitutionsbased on the 5L, 43rd Edition10. D.3.1.1 – Only specific (cited) codes are acceptable forwelder qualification11. H.7.3.3.3 & J.8.3.2.3 c) Hardness test location changes1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Ordering 5L Line Pipe(API Spec Q1, Section 7.4)API Spec 5L, Section 71. Purchase order must first include general information, Clause 7.1–Attributes such as pipe diameter, wall thickness, quantity, grade,PSL and applicability of individual annex requirements2. Purchase order must indicate which provisions of Clause 7.2 subclauses actually apply––Items subjected to mandatory agreements References provided in Clause 7.2.aItems that apply as prescribed unless otherwise agreed References provided in Clause 7.2.b1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Ordering 5L Line Pipe(API Spec Q1, Section 7.4) cont’d3.Purchase order should identify the applicability ofall subclauses of Clause 7.2––––55 agreement clausesThese requirements can be project specificFailure to specify will result in requirement not beingmet or default to the specific clause in the bodyMany of these requirements are addressed in theData Sheet attached to the Tender or Invitation to Biddocuments1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Chemical Composition RequirementsAPI Spec 5L, Tables 4 (PSL 1) & 5 (PSL 2) More extensive requirements for PSL 2 than for PSL 1 Tighter requirements on chemical alloying elements forPSL 2 Mandatory CE (carbon equivalent) requirements forPSL 2 promotes better weldability1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Pipe Grades Designation of grade is related to minimum yieldstrength– SI / USC units Yield strength ranges from:– L175/A25 (25.4ksi) to L830/X120 (120.4ksi) Requirements include minimum and maximum strengths Minimum strength requirement on weld seams Specification permits intermediate grades1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Examples ofPipe Grades, PSL 2API Spec 5L, Table 7 (abbreviated)Pipe GradeYield Strength, ksiTensile Strength, ksiUSC / SIMinMaxMinMaxL245 / A2535.565.360.2110.2L360 / X5252.276.966.7110.2L415 / X6060.281.975.4110.2L555 / X8080.5102.360.6119.7L690 / X100100.1121.8110.2143.6L830 / X120120.4152.3132.7166.11220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Product Specification Levels(PSL) ComparisonSome differences between PSL 1 and PSL 2AttributePSL 1PSL 2Grade RangeA25 (L175) thru X70 (L485)B (L245) thru X120 (L830)ChemistryC/Mn/P/SC/Si/Mn/P/S/V/Nb/Ti/CEEnd ConditionPlain, threaded or belledPlain EndSeam WeldingAll methodsNot COW or LWEW FrequencyNo minimum70 KHz minimumYield Strength, min/maxSpecified/NoneSpecified/SpecifiedFracture toughnessIf stipulated by customerMandatory minimums1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Testing and Inspection Requirements(API Spec Q1, Section 8.2.4)API Spec 5L,Tables 17 (PSL1) & 18 (PSL 2) Testing requirements include, type of test, lot size and frequencyTables include requirements for:– Chemical analysis– Mechanical testing (tensile, bending, Charpy toughness,hardness)– Macro- and micro-scopic testing of welds– Hydrostatic testing– Visual and non-destructive testing1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Dimensional ComparisonAPI 5L 43rd EditionParameterDimensionsWeightLengthMill JointersDefectsPlain .Clause(s)statBody OD (from nom.)End OD (from nom)End-end average diameter differenceEnd Diameter Out of round axis tolerance, spec ODOut of round - end, max differential min & max ODOut of round - body, max differential min & max ODLocal wall thicknessWeight, single lengthsWeight, carloadWeight, order itemsLengthLength, avgfinished jointer lengthsub-joint Lengthlong seam offsetWPS/PQR & welder qualificationWeld Height - any pointWeld Height - overlapRadiographyDent depth in body without gougeDent depth in body with gougeDent length in body (without gouge)Offset plate edgesOut of line weld beadID and OD bead heightHardspot hardness maxHardspot dimensions - any directionCracks, sweats, leaksLaminations or inclusions in bevel faceLaminations in body, minor dimension (if assoc'd with 31)Laminations in body, area (if assoc'd with 30)Arc BurnsUndercut depth (see clause), lesser ofUndercut length (see clause)Other defects depth Bevel AngleRoot faceTaper AngleEnd SquareID flush-off distance/heightlocal OORstraightnessstraightness - local (in 1 m)Table 7Table 8Table 8Table 8Table 8minminminTable 9Table 10Table 10Table 10Table 11Table 11Table 9.37.9.3minAPI 5L 44th Editioncriteriaunit-3.2 mm-0.8 mm-10.7 mmmmmmmmmmaxmax 2.510mm%max 25.91 mmax 25.91 mmaxmax203 mmmax3.2mm100% Circminmin0 mm-12.5 %minmin30 deg0.8 mmapprox101.6 mm7.6API 5L (44th ed) is less restrictive than API 5L (43rd ed)API 5L (44th ed) is identical to API 5L (43rd ed)1220 Washington,DC than20005-4070www.api.orgAPIL5LStreet,(44th ed)NWis marginallymore restrictiveAPI 5L (43rd ed)API 5L (44th ed) is more restrictive than API 5L (43rd ed)max 6.4 mmmax 3.2 mmmax 50% ODmax 1.6 mmmax complete fusion per NDTmax 3.2 mmmax35 HRCmax 50.8 mmmax0mmmax 6.4 mmmax 19.0 mmmax 7742 mm 2max0mmmax 0.8 mmmax 6.4 mmmin 12.5% tmax35 degmax 2.4 mmmax7degmax 1.6 mmmaxmmmax 0.20% lengthRef.Clause(s)Table 10Table 10statminmincriteriaunit-4.0 mm-1.6 mmTable 10Table 10Table 119.14.19.14.3minminmin-1.3 mm-3.5 %-1.75 %Table 12Table 12minmin8.53 m21.34 0.5.29.13.19.13.3Table 169.10.69.10.6min1.5 m58 10mmmmmm%max 25.91 .43.20.51.53.03.53550mmmmODmmmmmmHRCmmmax6.4mm100% circ9.10.49.10.29.10.29.10.79.12.5.29.12.5.2stat30 deg0.8 mmmax0mmmax0mmmax 6.4 mmmax 0.125 tmax35 degmax 2.4 mmmax7degmax 1.6 mmmax 0.5 mmmax 3.2 mmmax 0.2% lengthmax 4.0 mmAssume 42" x 0.500" PSL2 X80 DSAW, order of 18,144kg, PE, 24m nominal length,

Pipe End Diameter TolerancesPercent of Typical Production Run30API 5L 43rd ed.API 5L 44th ed.2575% of Full Tolerance20151050-7-6-5-4-3-2-10123456Difference from Nominal Pipe End Diameter (1/64 in)Graph Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org7

Dimensional Requirements (cont’d)API Spec 5L, Clauses 9.11 thru 9.14Weldment tolerances and dimensionsWeld detailTable / figureMax. permissible radial offset for SAW and COWpipes14 / 4a & 4bMaximum permissible groove for EW and LW15Maximum permissible weld bead height for SAWand COW pipe161220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Dimensional VerificationsPhotos Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Mechanical Property ComparisonAPI 5L 43rd uctTensileTPATPATPATPATLWCharpyTPATPATLWTLW HAZDWTTTPAGuided Bend TLWTLWHard spotBM/HAZ/WMWhere:SizeSpecificsTest Temp (C)NANAFS or RBFS or RBFS or RBFS or RBFlat ull PNfullfullfullHeat Chemical CompositionProduct Chemical Composition0.5% EUL YS (MPa)TS (MPa)Y:TElong in 2" g.l. (%)TS (MPa)CVN En (J)Ductility (%shr)CVN En (J)CVN En (J)DWTT Ductility (%shr)Guided Bend Crack - weld/HAZ (mm)Guided Bend Crack - edge (mm)Rockwell C Hardness (HRC)RTRTRTRTRTRTRT00000RTRTRTmin spl min testTPATransverse pipe axisBM/HAZ/WM Base Metal/Heat affected zone/weld metalfull-equivfull-sized equivalentfull PNFull-sized Pressed Notch DWTTRTRoom temperatureARAs rolledFSFlattened strap specimenRBRound bar specimenRERing expansionNot specifiedand where API 5L (44th ed) is less restrictive than API 5L (43rd ed)API 5L (44th ed) is identical to API 5L (43rd ed)API 5L (44th ed) is marginally more restrictive than API 5L (43rd ed)API 5L (44th ed) is more restrictive than API 5L (43rd ed)1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.orgAPI 5L 44th Edition (1116 balmin/max*Avg.MaxSee composition limitsSee composition 24Test Temp (C) min spl min testRTRTRTRTRTRTRT00000RTRTRTMaxSee composition limitsSee composition limits5557056258250.93216253040202720273.26.424

Tensile TestingPhoto Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Guided Bend TestPhoto Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Hardness TestPhoto Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Crush TestPhoto Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Surface Conditions,Imperfections and Defects Described in Clause 9.10– Undercuts in seam welds– Arc burns– Laminations– Flat spots, peaks, dents and gouges– Hard spots– Other imperfections, such as gouges Acceptance criteria are given to determine whenthese are considered a defect1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Disposition of Pipe with Defects(API Spec Q1, Section 8.3) Defects and imperfections– Defect, Clause 4.13 — an imperfection of a size or densitygreater than the acceptance criteria– Imperfection, Clause 4.20 — a discontinuity or irregularitydetectable by inspection Disposition of defects is addressed in section C– Defects are treated in accordance with Clause C.2 and C.3 Removed by grinding or repaired by welding if in a seam weldmade with filler metal A section containing the defect is removed by cutting The pipe is rejected1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Non-Destructive Inspection (NDI)Requirements Types of inspections required are based on theproduct form and the PSL level and include:– Visual for defects and dimensions– Radiographic– Electromagnetic– Ultrasonic– Magnetic particle– Hydrotesting1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Non-Destructive Inspection (NDI)Requirements (cont’d)Visual (API Spec 5L, Clauses 10.2.7 and 10.2.8) Visual Inspection– All pipe shall be 100% visually inspected over its entirelength on its external surface and as much as is practical onthe inside surface Qualifications of visual inspectors are identified Covered Inspections––––ODOut of roundnessWall thicknessFlat spots in SAW and COW welded pipe1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Non-Destructive Inspection (NDI)Requirements (cont’d)Radiography (API Spec 5L , Annex E)Radiographic Inspection of weld seams Clause E.4 and sub clauses– Volumetric imperfections (Slag or Gaspockets) Acceptance criteria are given in Tables E.5and E.6 Linear imperfections (cracks, lack of penetration orfusion) Acceptance criteria for are given in Tables E.81220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Radiographic InspectionPhoto Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Non-Destructive Inspection (NDI)Requirements (cont’d)Ultrasonic and Electromagnetic Inspection (API Spec 5L , Annex E) Acceptance criteria given in Clauses E.5.5 and E.5.6 Disposition of pipes containing defects Clause E.10– Remove defect by grinding– Repair by welding if permitted– Cut the section with defect out– Reject the pipe Magnetic particle inspection Clause E.6– If this method is employed for inspection of surfacedefects the entire length shall be inspected1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Electromagnetic InspectionPhoto Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Non-Destructive Inspection (NDI)Requirements (cont’d)Hydrostatic Testing– Test requirements are given in Clause 10.2.6 andTable 26– Table 26 lists the standard and alternative testpressures as a % of SMYS (specified minimumyield strength)1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Hydrotester SAW LinePhoto Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Hydrotester EW LinePhoto Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Marking (API Spec Q1, Section 7.5.3)API Spec 5L, Section 11 and Annexes N and O Very prescriptive including the pipe attributes that mustbe marked on the pipe– i.e., Standard, diameter, wall thickness, grade,PSL, type of pipe (seamless or type of weld),annexes, and manufacturer Provides specific examples on the marking sequence– Both USC (US Customary) and SI units Allows dual marking of Spec 5L and ISO 3183 ifrequirements of both specifications are met1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Final Stencil MarkingPhoto Courtesy of OSM Tubular Camrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Monogramming(API Spec Q1, ANNEX A)API Spec 5L, Annex O Application of the API Trademarkis permitted only by alicenseeProvides specific examples on the marking sequence– Both USC (US Customary) and SI unitsIn addition to annex allows marking of other standards if therequirements are met.Includes marking of couplings and small diameter pipe bundle tags1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Retention of Records(API Spec Q1, Section 4.2.4)API Spec 5L, Section 13 Requires that records be retained for a minimum of 3years (Spec Q1 requires a 5 year minimum retention) Section contains a list of the pertinent test andexamination records Heat number––––Tensile/Guided Bend/Hydrotest, etc.Nondestructive InspectionsQualification for NDI PersonnelWelding WPS and PQRs1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Shipping(API Spec Q1, Section 7.5.5)API Spec 5L, Section 14 – Pipe loading– Manufacturer is responsible for properly loadingthe pipe– Loading shall comply with jurisdictional rules,codes and standards API RP 5L1 is referenced for rail transport API RP 5LW is referenced for marine transport byship or barge.1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

PipeLoadingPhoto Courtesyof OSM TubularCamrose1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Transition from API 5L, 43rd Ed to 44th EdAPI modified their policy and extended the 6 monthtransition period to 12 months to allow manufacturersto switch their QA and manufacturing processes tothe 44th edition requirements.Published DateOctober 1, 200712 monthsEffective DateOctober 1, 2008Industry Recommendation:OPS/DOT harmonize the October 1, 2008 effectivedate with API for the 44th edition of 5L1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Reasons for Extension of 5L Effective DateManufacturer Issues* Rewrite pipe tracking, marking and release computer systems;* Specify/purchase/manufacture new gauges;* Review/modify/purchase roll/die sets & marking systems; and* Modify mechanical & hydro testing equipment & software, and* Rewrite quality system documentation.Operator Issues* Backlog/in-process orders starting on 43rd finishing 44th edition;* Mixed application of 43rd and 44th edition pipe; and* Inventory availability of new edition during transition.1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

Contact InformationSubcommittee 5 (Tubular Goods)Staff Associate: Brad Bellinger ([email protected])American Petroleum InstituteWashington, DC 20005Edmund (Ed) BaniakSr. Standards AssociateAmerican Petroleum Institute1220 L Street, NWWashington, DC [email protected]: 202-682-8135Fax: 202-962-47971220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org

1220 L Street, NW Washington, DC 20005-4070 www.api.org Other API Pipeline Documents (Upstream Subcommittee 5) RP 5L1 – Railroad Transportation of Line Pipe, 6th Ed (2002) RP 5L