Oracle Discoverer AdministratorAdministration Guide10g (9.0.4)Part No. B10270-01August 2003

Oracle Discoverer Administrator Administration Guide, 10g (9.0.4)Part No. B10270-01Copyright 1996, 2003 Oracle Corporation. All rights reserved.The Programs (which include both the software and documentation) contain proprietary information ofOracle Corporation; they are provided under a license agreement containing restrictions on use anddisclosure and are also protected by copyright, patent and other intellectual and industrial propertylaws. Reverse engineering, disassembly or decompilation of the Programs, except to the extent requiredto obtain interoperability with other independently created software or as specified by law, is prohibited.The information contained in this document is subject to change without notice. If you find any problemsin the documentation, please report them to us in writing. Oracle Corporation does not warrant that thisdocument is error-free. Except as may be expressly permitted in your license agreement for thesePrograms, no part of these Programs may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means,electronic or mechanical, for any purpose, without the express written permission of Oracle Corporation.If the Programs are delivered to the U.S. Government or anyone licensing or using the programs onbehalf of the U.S. Government, the following notice is applicable:Restricted Rights Notice Programs delivered subject to the DOD FAR Supplement are "commercialcomputer software" and use, duplication, and disclosure of the Programs, including documentation,shall be subject to the licensing restrictions set forth in the applicable Oracle license agreement.Otherwise, Programs delivered subject to the Federal Acquisition Regulations are "restricted computersoftware" and use, duplication, and disclosure of the Programs shall be subject to the restrictions in FAR52.227-19, Commercial Computer Software - Restricted Rights (June, 1987). Oracle Corporation, 500Oracle Parkway, Redwood City, CA 94065.The Programs are not intended for use in any nuclear, aviation, mass transit, medical, or other inherentlydangerous applications. It shall be the licensee's responsibility to take all appropriate fail-safe, backup,redundancy, and other measures to ensure the safe use of such applications if the Programs are used forsuch purposes, and Oracle Corporation disclaims liability for any damages caused by such use of thePrograms.Oracle is a registered trademark, and JInitiator, Oracle Discoverer, Oracle Rdb, Oracle TransparentGateway, Oracle 7, Oracle 8i, Oracle 9i, Oracle9iAS, Oracle Application Server Discoverer, OracleASDiscoverer, PL/SQL, SQL*Net and SQL*Plus are trademarks or registered trademarks of OracleCorporation. Other names may be trademarks of their respective owners.Perspective for Java licensed from Three D Graphics, Inc. Copyright 1997, 2002, Three D Graphics,Inc.

ContentsSend Us Your Comments . xxvPreface. xxviiOracle Discoverer Navigation and Accessibility .Keyboard Navigation.Documentation Accessibility .Intended Audience .Structure.Related Documents.Conventions.Part I1xxviixxviixxviixxviiixxviiixxixxxxConceptual and task informationIntroducing Oracle Discoverer AdministratorIntroducing Oracle Discoverer Administrator.What is Oracle Discoverer?.What is Oracle Discoverer Administrator?.What is your role as a Discoverer manager?.Basic concepts for Discoverer managers .What is business intelligence? .What are relational databases, OLTP systems, and data warehouses? .What are the fundamental concepts behind a Discoverer system?.Introducing the End User Layer.Introducing business areas .1-11-11-21-31-31-31-31-41-41-5iii

Introducing folders and items .Introducing workbooks and worksheets .Introducing hierarchies and drills.Introducing summary folders.How does Discoverer work? .What are the steps to a successful Discoverer implementation? .What is involved in maintaining a Discoverer system? .What are the new features in Discoverer Administrator Version 9.0.4?.1-51-61-61-71-71-71-111-122 Getting started with Discoverer AdministratorGetting started with Discoverer Administrator.What are the prerequisites for using Oracle Discoverer? .What are the system prerequisites? .What are the data access prerequisites? .How to start Discoverer Administrator .What is the Workarea?.About the tabs in the Workarea window .About the context sensitive menus in the Workarea window .About the Administration Tasklist.About Discoverer Administrator documentation and online help.2-12-12-12-22-32-42-52-92-92-103 Creating and maintaining End User LayersCreating and maintaining End User Layers.What is an End User Layer? .Why is the End User Layer useful? .What are End User Layer owners? .What privileges do you need to create an End User Layer in an Oracle database? .What privileges do you need to create an End User Layer in a non-Oracle database? .What privileges do you need to maintain an End User Layer?.What is the EUL Gateway?.How to create an End User Layer for an existing database user .How to create an End User Layer in a new database user.How to delete an End User Layer .How to view or change the default End User Layer.About copying EULs and EUL objects by exporting and importing .iv3-13-23-23-33-43-53-63-63-63-83-93-103-11

Which export/import method to use .About using the Discoverer Export Wizard and Import Wizard.About using the Discoverer command line interface to export/import EUL objects .About using the standard database export/import commands to export/import EULowners .How to export the entire EUL using the Export Wizard.How to export selected business areas using the Export Wizard .How to export selected EUL objects using the Export Wizard.How to export End User Layer objects (to import to another database) using theDiscoverer command line interface .How to import End User Layer objects to a database (after export from anotherdatabase) using the Discoverer command line interface .How to export an EUL using the standard database export utility .How to import an EUL using the standard database import utility .How to import EUL objects from a file using the Import Wizard.Notes about EUL creation and maintenance .What are identifiers? .What are the space requirements and storage parameters for a typical EUL?.What are the EUL data migration scenarios with analytic functions? .What is a suggested workflow for initial EUL development andongoing maintenance? -283-283-293-313-314 Creating and maintaining business areasCreating and maintaining business areas.What are business areas?.How to prepare to build a new business area .What is the Load Wizard?.How to create a business area using the Load Wizard .Loading from the online dictionary.Loading from a Gateway.Selecting tables and views.Specifying what Discoverer Administrator generates for the business area.Naming the business area, specifying object name and sorting options .How to open an existing business area when connecting to Discoverer Administrator.How to open an existing business area when already connected toDiscoverer -11v

How to copy business areas between EULs.How to edit business area properties.How to delete a business area .How to synchronize a business area with the database .Notes about business area creation and maintenance .Why might a business area (or folders within it) not be visible to a user? .4-124-124-134-154-174-175 Creating and maintaining foldersCreating and maintaining folders .What are folders? .What are simple folders? .What are complex folders? .What are the benefits of using complex folders instead of database views? .What are custom folders? .What are the differences between custom folders and simple folders? .Examples of custom folders .About dependencies between folders .About sharing folders across business areas.How to create simple folders from the database .How to create complex folders .How to create custom folders .How to edit folder properties .How to edit a custom folder’s SQL statement.How to delete folders from a business area.How to assign folders to a business area .How to assign a folder to multiple business areas.How to view orphaned folders in the EUL .How to remove an orphaned folder from the EUL.How to sort folders in a business area .How to sort items in a folder .How to re-order folders in a business area .How to validate folders in a business area 5-155-185-185-195-195-195-205-215-216 Controlling access to informationControlling access to information . 6-1vi

About Discoverer and security.About Discoverer access permissions.About Discoverer task privileges .How to specify a user or role (responsibility) that can access a business area .How to specify the business areas a user or role (responsibility) can access .How to specify the tasks a user or role (responsibility) can perform.How to specify a user or role (responsibility) to perform a specific task.How to set query retrieval limits .How to set scheduled workbook limits.How to share Discoverer workbooks using a database role .6-16-26-36-46-56-76-96-106-126-147 Scheduling workbooksScheduling workbooks.What are workbooks and scheduled workbooks? .Why schedule workbooks? .What happens when an end user schedules a workbook? .What Oracle database features support workbook scheduling?.Where to store the results of scheduled workbooks? .What are the prerequisites for scheduling workbooks? .How to confirm that the DBMS JOB package is installed.How to specify the owner of the tables containing scheduled workbooks results .How to control the frequency that the server checks for new scheduled jobs .How to view and manage scheduled workbooks.About scheduled workbooks and compatibility between the current version ofDiscoverer and previous releases .7-17-17-27-27-47-57-57-67-87-117-127-158 Maintaining items and item classesMaintaining items and item classes .What are items? .What are item classes?.What are lists of values? .About setting up lists of values .What are alternative sorts? .Examples of different ways to implement alternative sorts.Example 1: Using a custom folder to implement alternative sorts .8-18-28-28-38-48-48-58-5vii

Example 2: Using a database table to implement alternative sorts .Example 3: Using a calculated item and a DECODE statement to implementalternative sorts.What is drill to detail?.About setting up drill to detail.What are date items?.What are date format masks?.About truncating date items and the EUL DATE TRUNC function .About applying conditions to truncated date items.About drilling out to other applications .How to edit item properties .How to create a LOV item class.How to create an alternative sort item class.How to create a drill to detail item class.How to create a list of values using a custom folder.How to edit an item class.How to add items to an item class .How to add items to an item class using drag and drop .How to add items to an item class using the Edit Item Class dialog .How to add items to an item class using the Item Properties dialog.How to remove items from an item class .How to remove items from an item class using a popup menu .How to remove items from an item class using the Edit Item Class dialog .How to remove items from an item class using the Item Properties dialog .How to view the items that use an item class.How to view the list of values for an item .How to view the list of values for an item class .How to delete items and item classes .Notes about maintaining items and item classes .Notes about items based on columns with user-defined datatypes -358-368-36Creating and maintaining joinsCreating and maintaining joins . 9-1What are joins? . 9-2What are single item joins? . 9-4viii

What are multi-item joins?.About joining more than two folders .What are non-equi-joins? .What are one-to-many joins, one-to-one joins, and many-to-many joins?.About joining two folders using more than one join.What effect do joins have on query results and query performance? .Examples of how joins can affect query results from complex folders .What are outer joins?.How to create joins .How to view or edit joins .How to delete a join .What are fan traps, and how does Discoverer handle them? .Example of a fan trap .What to do if you set up a fan trap inside a complex folder .What to do if you have a data type mismatch in a join .Example of how to create a join between two items that have mismatched data types.Step 1: Create a new item that converts the Day of Week item from a varcharto a date data type .Step 2: Create a join using the new item 329-359-369-379-379-38Creating and maintaining calculated itemsCreating and maintaining calculated items.What are calculated items?.What are derived items? .What are aggregate calculated items? .What restrictions apply to aggregate calculated items? .What are the differences in behaviour between analytic functions andaggregate calculated items?.What are aggregate derived items?.Example of an aggregate derived item.How to create calculated items.How to edit calculated item properties .How to edit calculated items .How to delete calculated items 10ix

How to create a calculated item that enables end users to drill out from oneworksheet to display another worksheet in Discoverer Viewer .Why do you need PL/SQL functions? .What are custom PL/SQL functions?.About registering custom PL/SQL functions .How to register custom PL/SQL functions automatically.

Oracle is a registered trademark, and JInitiator, Oracle Discoverer, Oracle Rdb, Oracle Transparent Gateway, Oracle 7, Oracle 8i, Oracle 9i, Oracle9iAS, Oracle Application Server Discoverer, OracleAS