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ow We Got theThe Reformation BookshelfibleOutline of Study:1. What is the Bible?Presents2. Who wrote the Bible?3. How did the NT Canon develop?A KNOW YOUR BIBLEMedia Productionow We Got theThe Bible is the Mind of GodibleWhat is the Bible?All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and isprofitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, forinstruction in righteousness: That the man of Godmay be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all goodworks.2 Timothy 3:16-17Inspiration God Breathed1500BC1500 BCow We Got 01900ADAD 20002000One Author, Many Scribes!ibleWho Wrote The Bible?500500 BCBCMade up of 66 differentbooks.Written over a span of1,600 yearsWritten by more than 40individualsGod is the Author of the Bible1500BC1500 BC500500 001900ADAD 200020001

ow We Got theWhat is the Canon?ibleGreek: κανών – A Measuring RodThe New Testament CanonThe list of books that are accepted as the Word ofGod. Those writings that determine Christiandoctrine, practice, and worship.1500BC1500 BCStages of Canonization500500 001900ADAD 20002000Composition1. Composition – gospel preached and epistles written2. Community – writings read and circulated by the church3. Compilation– letters collected and bound in codicesThe Word became flesh and dwelt amongmen (John 1:14) Jesus’ Birth Jesus’ Ministry – Oral Teaching Jesus’ Death, Burial, Resurrection4. Canonization– ex post facto authority given to booksThe Role of Jesus1500BC1500 BCComposition500500 ityHoly Spirit Superintended Apostle’s WordsLetters were Written to Address NeedsBeloved, while I was very diligent to write to youconcerning our common salvation, I found it necessaryto write to you exhorting you to contend earnestly forthe faith which was once for all delivered to the saints.However, when He, the Spirit of truth,has come, He will guide you into alltruth; for He will not speak on Hisown authority, but whatever He hearsHe will speak; and He will tell youthings to come.(Jude 1:3 NKJV)JesusApostlesOral Tradition(John 16:13 NKJV)The Role of the Holy Spirit1500BC1500 BC500500 BCBCAD1AD1ADAD19001900 tlesGospelsLettersWritings NeededADAD19001900 ADAD200020001500BC1500 BC500500 001900 ADAD200020002

CommunityCommunityLaodiceaTitusGospel of TitusMatthewJewishChristiansGospel ofMatthewGentileChristiansLukeBook of GalatiansWritings Written1500BC1500 BC500500 gs CirculatedADAD19001900 ADAD20002000Compilation1500BC1500 BC500500 001900 ADAD20002000CompilationEarly Church Collected Sacred WritingsNow when this epistle is readamong you, see that it is readalso in the church of theLaodiceans, and that you likewiseread the epistle from Laodicea.Spiritual Gifts guided the Church until theWord could be fully Revealed and CompiledFor we know in part, and we prophesy inpart. But when that which is complete iscome, then that which is in part shall bedone away.(1 Corinthians 13:9-10 KJV)Colossians 4:16 NKJVWritings Collected1500BC15001500 BCBC500500 0ADAD1500AD15001500Writings CompiledADAD1900AD1900 ADAD200020001900AD2000Canonization1500BC15001500 BCBC500500 0ADAD1500AD15001500ADAD1900AD1900 ADAD200020001900AD2000Canonization“Ex Post Facto Authority”Did the Catholic Church Give us the Bible?J.I. Packer – Noted Scholar Canonization approved books already acceptedThe church no more “gave us” thecanon than Sir Isaac Newton “gaveus” the force of gravity. God gave usgravity by the work of His creation,and similarly, He gave us the NewTestament canon by inspiring the Canonization approved books already used in worship Canonization approved books already known to be validoriginal books that make it up.(God Speaks To Man, p. 81)Writings Approved1500BC1500 BCBC500500500 AD1500AD15001500ADAD1900AD19001900 ADADAD2000200020001500BC1500 BC500500 001900ADAD 200020003

CanonizationDid Scripture Mold the church?Did the “Church” Mold Scripture?CanonizationOver Time 27 New Testament BooksWere AcceptedAnd they continuedsteadfastly in theAPOSTLE’S DOCTRINEand fellowship, in thebreaking of bread, and inprayers. Clement of Rome – Recognized 8 Books (A.D. 95) Polycarp – Recognized 15 Books (A.D. 108) Irenaeus – Mentions 21 Books (A.D. 185) Muratorian Canon – All but Hebrews, James, 3 John (A.D. 170)(Acts 2:42 NKJV) Eusebius – Lists 22 Books (A.D. 275)Writings Recognized1500BC1500 BC500500 001900ADAD 20002000Canonization1500BC15001500 BCBC500500 0ADAD1500AD15001500ADAD1900AD1900 ADAD200020001900AD2000CriteriaWhy the Need for a Canon?The 27 books of theNew Testament wereformally confirmed ascanonical by the Synodof Carthage in AD 397,thus recognizing threecenturies of use byfollowers of Christ.ApostasyHereticsCompeting WritingsPersecutionCarthageGospel of JudasLetters “Officialized”1500BC15001500 BCBC500500 0ADAD1500AD15001500ADAD1900AD1900 ADAD200020001900AD2000Criteria1500BC15001500 BCBC500500 0ADAD1500AD15001500ADAD1900AD1900 ADAD200020001900AD2000CriteriaHeretics:Also from among yourselves men willrise up, speaking perverse things, todraw away the disciples after themselves.Apostasy:(Acts 20:30 NKJV)Now the Spirit expressly says that in latter times somewill depart from the faith, giving heed to deceiving spiritsand doctrines of demons,1500BC1500 BCBC500500500 BCBCBCADAD1AD11ADADAD500500500Marcion’s Canon Excommunicated in 144 A.D. Rejected OT God and OT Established his own church. Established own “canon of scripture.”(1 Timothy 4:1 D19001900 ADADAD2000200020001500BC1500 BCBC500500500 BCBCBCMarcion (c.144)ADAD1AD11ADADAD500500500LukeGalatians1 Corinthians2 5001 Thessalonians2 sADAD1900AD19001900 ADADAD2000200020004

CriteriaVarious ExamplesCompeting Writings Some produced by Heretical Groups Some by uninspired church leadersAssumption of MosesGospel of ThomasGospel of JamesEpistle of BarnabusApocalypse of PeterApocalypse of PaulThe DidacheShepherd of Hermas1 and 2 Clement Some produced by Gnostics Scores produced in the 2nd and 3rd centuries.1500BC15001500 BCBC500500 0ADAD1500AD15001500ADAD1900AD1900 ADAD200020001900AD2000CriteriaPersecutionFor what “Truth” shall we die?Diocletians’ persecution of Christians from A. D. 303-306included the confiscating and destroying of New Testamentbooks. This persecution motivated the church to sort throughand settle on which books were really Scripture and whichbooks were worth suffering for.1500BC15001500 BCBC500500 0ADAD1500AD15001500ADAD1900AD1900 ADAD200020001900AD2000CriteriaCriteria for Books to be AcceptedConcluding Thoughts1. Written by an Apostle (ex: Paul, Peter)2. Written by a student of an Apostle (ex: Luke)3. Must accord with known apostolic writings4. Was it accepted by leading congregations1500 BCBC1500500500 BCBCADAD11ADAD 500500ADAD10001000ADAD15001500ADAD19001900AD2000AD 2000The Reformation BookshelfThanks you for watching . . .A KNOW YOUR BIBLEMedia Production5

The Bible is the Mind of God All scripture is given by inspiration of God, and is profitable for doctrine, for reproof, for correction, for instruction in righteousness: That the man of God may be perfect, thoroughly furnished unto all good works. 2 Timothy 3:16-17 Inspiration God Breathed ow We Got the ible Who Wrote The Bible?